This section allows you to upload the necessary data for the simulation from the respective directory on your computer. This is typically household expenditure and income survey data. This data file should be a CSV file.
By direct effects, we mean the impact of a price change on household well-being via the
consumption of subsidized products. By indirect effects, we mean the impact of a price change on household well-being via the consumption of products that are affected indirectly by the change in price of subsidized products. Below is the detailed description.
The main objective of Indirect effects simulator is to estimate the direct and indirect effects of a price change on household well-being combining a Household Budget Survey (HBS) and Input-Output (I/O) tables for a particular country. Note that the Indirect effect focuses only on the goods that are concerned by the exogenous price shocks. Thus, this version is more appropriate to assess the indirect effect rather than the full direct effect of the subsidy reform. Direct effects are better estimated with Direct effect simulator.
The simulation of indirect effects requires at least one Household Budget Survey (HBS) and an Input-Output (I/O) matrix (file). The I/O matrix required is the output matrix expressed in local currency. It is important that the I/O data and the HBS data are expressed in the same currency, in nominal terms, and for the same year. However, it is difficult to obtain I/O tables and HBS data for the same year, which means that either the HBS or the I/O data or both will need to be adjusted for prices to make data in nominal terms comparable and for the same reference year. This work has to be done by users before using the Indirect tool.
Input file is required